Monoclonal antibodies

Monoclonal antibodies are produced by cells which are created when an antibody producing cell (such as B lymphocytes) fuses with an immortalised cancer cell. This process takes place in the laboratory and results in a hybrid cell (hybridoma), which combines the features of both cells. These cells are all identical, as they originate from one and the same cell and are described as “monoclonal”. They produce large amounts of a specific antibody, which binds to a specific antigen

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